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ToCkamiTypes of kamiNature kamikunitsu-kami

kunitsu-kami – 11 / 21 / 2013
kunitsu-kami くにつかみ 国つ神
国津神
地祇
kuni (land, earth)
tsu (genitive post-particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

kuni (land, earth)
tsu (genitive post-particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

chi (ground, earth)
kunitsukami (national or local kami)
❖ These two kanji are pronounced kunitsukami

❖ kami of earth
❖ Geological forms, physical processes, and plants and animals
susano-o
no-mikoto
すさのお
のみこと
須佐能男[命]
の尊
su (ought, by all means, necessarily)
sa (assistant, help)
no (ability, talent, skill, capacity)
o (male)
[inochi (fate, command, decree, destiny, life)]
no (possesive particle)
mikoto (revered, noble, exalted)

❖ kami of the sea and storms
❖ Brother of amaterasu-oomikami and tsukuyomi-no-mikoto
❖ Also called susano-o
susano-o すさのお 須佐能男
su (ought, by all means, necessarily)
sa (assistant, help)
no (ability, talent, skill, capacity)
o (male)
sarutahiko
ookami
さるたひこ
おおかみ
猿田毘古
大神
saru (monkey)
ta (rice field, rice paddy)
hi | bi (help, assist)
ko (old)
oo (great, large, big)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Head of the kunitsu-kami
hi-no-kami ひのかみ 火の神
hi (fire)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of fire
ishigami いしがみ 石神
ishi (stone)
gami | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Stone kami
❖ (See iwakura & iwasaka)
ji-no-kami じのかみ 地の神
ji | chi (ground, earth)
no (possessive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Land-master-kami
❖ (See jinushigami)
kawa-no-kami かわのかみ 河の神
kawa (river)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of rivers and streams
❖ Also called kahaku
kahaku かはく 河伯
ka (river)
haku (chief, count, earl)
nai-no-kami ないのかみ 地震神
地震の神
ji (ground, earth)
shin (quake, shake, tremble, quiver, shiver)
jishin (pronounced nai - eathquake / literally: ground-shake)
[no (implied possesive particle)]
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

ji (ground, earth)
shin (quake, shake, tremble, quiver, shiver)
jishin (pronounced nai - eathquake / literally: ground-shake)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of earthquakes
❖ Also called namazu
namazu なまず
namazu (fresh-water catfish / kokuji)

❖ A giant catfish that swims beneath the earth and causes earthquakes
suijin すいじん 水神
sui (water)
jin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ Water kami
❖ Also called mizu-no-kami
mizu-no-kami みずのかみ 水の神
mizu (water)
no (possessive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
umi-no-kami うみのかみ 海の神
umi (sea, ocean)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of the sea
yama-no-kami やまのかみ 山の神
yama (mountain)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of the mountain
Plants
ina-dama いなだま 稲魂
ina- (rice plant)
dama | tama (spirit - See tama)

❖ Spirit that dwells withtin the rice
kukunochi
no-kami
くくのち
のかみ
久々能智
の神
ku (long time, old story)
ku (repetition mark / repeat previous kanji)
no (ability, talent, skill, capacity)
chi (wisdom, intellect, reason)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)

❖ kami of the trees
❖ Also called ki-no-kami
ki-no-kami きのかみ 木の神
ki (tree, wood, timber)
no (possesive particle)
kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
shinboku しんぼく 神木
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
boku (tree)

❖ Divine trees
❖ Also called goshinboku, shinju
goshinboku ごしんぼく 御神木
ご神木
shinju しんじゅ 神樹
go (honorable)
shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
boku (tree)

shin | kami (that which inspires feelings of reverence, awe, gratitude, fear/terror)
ju (timber trees, wood)
dan ダン
dan (Cedar, sandlewood, spindle tree)

❖ Japanese spindle tree (euonymus sieboldianus)
❖ Also called mayumi
mayumi まゆみ 真弓
ma (true, reality)
yumi (bow, bow (archery))
hinoki ひのき
hinoki (Japanese cypress, hinoki cypress)

❖ A species of cypress native to central Japan
❖ Used in shrine buildings and ritual furniture (chamaecyparis obtusa)
matsu まつ
matsu (pine tree)
sakaki さかき
sakaki (sacred shintô tree)

❖ A flowering evergreen tree or shrub native to warm areas of Japan (cleyera japonica)
sugi すぎ
sugi (a cypress endemic to Japan)

❖ Commonly planted around temples and shrines (cryptomeria japonica)
Unusual / deformed plants
Bifurcated Chinese radishes, which are sometimes considered to resemble the human form
Animals
Snakes, sharks, deer, wild boar, wolves, bears, monkeys, rabbits, doves
yatakarasu やたからす 八咫烏
ya (eight)
ta (span)
karasu (crow)

❖ A giant black crow
❖ Also called yata-no-karasu
yata-no-karasu やたのからす 八咫の烏
ya (eight)
ta (span)
no (possesive particle)
karasu (crow)

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